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Former Presidents
Justice Abdus Sattar

Justice Abdus Sattar became the acting President of Bangladesh after the assassination of Shaheed President Ziaur Rahman on 30 May 1981. On becoming the President, Justice Sattar declared a countrywide state of emergency. As a nominee of BNP, he contested the presidential election, and was declared elected to the post on 15 November 1981. Justice Sattar took oath of office in the afternoon of 20 November 1981 at Bangabhaban. Justice Kamaluddin Hussain administered the oath of office.


Justice Sattar was born in 1906 in a respectable family of Bolpur in Birbhum district. After obtaining M. A. in political science and B. L. degree from Kolkata University in 1928 and 1929 respectively, he became a lawyer at Alipur court in Kolkata. Abdus Sattar was councillor of Kolkata Corporation in 1939, and assessor member, Kolkata Improvement Tribunal from 1940 to 1942. He was appointed deputy executive officer of Kolkata Corporation and officiated as its chief executive officer twice. After Partition, he came to Dhaka and joined the Dhaka HC in 1950. Sattar was a working committee member of Fazlul Huq's Krishak Sramik Party, and was elected member of the Second Constituent Assembly in 1955. He became Minister for Interior and Education, GOP in 1956; a Judge of the HC of EP in 1957; and of the SC of Pakistan in 1967. He was appointed Chief Election Commissioner of Pakistan in 1969.


On repatriation from Pakistan in 1973, he served as the Chairman of the Board of Directors of Bangladesh Life Insurance Corporation in 1973, Chairman of the Bangladesh Journalists Wage Board in 1974-75 and President of Bangladesh Institute of Law and International Affairs (BILIA). Justice Sattar was appointed Special Assistant to the President in 1975 and held the charge of the Ministry of Law and Parliamentary Affairs. He became Vice President of the Republic on 3 June 1977.


As President of the Republic, he tried hard to resist the ascendancy of the Army in civil administration. However, the Chief of Army Staff, Lt. General H. M. Ershad staged a coup-d'etat and usurped state power by removing the elected President on 24 March 1982. Justice Sattar died on 5 October 1985.


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